Founded together with the Philharmonic in 1945. Today, the Gdańsk philharmonists are among the leading orchestras in Poland and the Polish Baltic Philharmonic Hall in Gdańsk is a dynamic music centre and a venue for important national and international events.

The Baltic Philharmonic has hosted and collaborated with celebrated international ensembles, conductors and soloists from Leipzig, St Petersburg, Moscow, Bamberg, Madrid, Warsaw, Cracow and more. It performed with such artists as Sir Neville Marriner, Valery Giergiev, Yuri Simonov, Herbert Blomstedt, Maxim Vengerov, Krzysztof Penderecki, Marc Minkowski, Jerzy Semkow, Witold Rowicki, Jerzy Maksymiuk, Kazimierz Kord, Krystian Zimerman, Nigel Kennedy and Rafał Blechacz.

The Baltic Symphonic Orchestra has taken part in many national and European music festivals. Important events in recent years include: 2005, Gdańsk Shipyard, Jean-Michel Jarre concert to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the founding of Solidarity and signing the August Agreements; 2006, Gdańsk Shipyard, anniversary of August 1980 with the premiere of Jan A.P. Kaczmarek’s  Cantata of Freedom; 2008, the Orchestra’s brass section took part in the performance of the Seven Gates of Jerusalem by Krzysztof Penderecki at his 75th birthday concert. The concert was conducted by the composer himself who also conducted the National Philharmonic Orchestra, choir and soloists; 2009, at the Solidarity of Arts festival they played the War Requiem by B. Britten conducted by Sir Neville Marriner.

In 2014 the Orchestra toured China with seven concerts at the largest concert halls including twice in Shanghai and at the Philharmonic Hall in Beijing. In January 2016, the Orchestra went on a tour of the United States, its longest tour to date.